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VCE Religion & Society Units 1 & 2: Islam

Year 11 research guide

Tenets of Islam

Islam is a monotheistic religion founded by the prophet Muhammad in Mecca in the early seventh century CE. Adherents of the faith, called Muslims, revere the God of the Old Testament, in Arabic, Allah, and the Koran, a sacred text that followers believe is Allah's word revealed to the Prophet Muhammad.

All Muslims are expected to fulfill five major duties, the pillars of Islam, or Arkan al-Islam. The pillars include shahada, the profession of Muslim faith; salat, ritual prayer performed five times a day in a prescribed manner; zakat, almsgiving; sawm, fasting during the month of Ramadan; and the hajj, pilgrimage to the sacred city of Mecca.Arkan al-Islam. The pillars include shahada, the profession of Muslim faith; salat, ritual prayer performed five times a day in a prescribed manner; zakat, almsgiving; sawm, fasting during the month of Ramadan; and the hajj, pilgrimage to the sacred city of Mecca.

By the eighth century CE, Islam had spread to Europe, across Central Asia, and to India, where Muslim traders settled along the southwest coast in the seventh century CE. 

Taken from Religion, the story of India, PBS Online, accessed 17/04/2016, <http://www.pbs.org/thestoryofindia/gallery/photos/14.html#hinduism>

To learn more about the theology of Islam go to World History in Context database [email a Librarian for the login details].

Origins & development

Beliefs

Sacrifice to Allah

Practices

Lina & Deri - Islam